Bijnor is a district of Uttar Pradesh state of India. Bijnor city is the district headquarters. The Uttar Pradesh Government wants Bijnor to be included under National Capital Region (NCR) due to its close distance from Delhi; the demand for inclusion of Bijnor in the NCR has been raised.
Bijnor occupies the north-west corner of the Moradabad Division (historically, Rohilkhand or Bareilly region), and is a roughly triangular stretch of country with its apex to the north. The western boundary is formed throughout by the deep stream of the river Ganges, beyond which lie the four districts of Dehradun, Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar and Meerut, all belonging to the Meerut Division.
The extreme parallels of north latitude are 29° 2' and 29° 58' and of east longitude 78° 0' and 78° 57'. The total area of the district is liable to change slightly from time to time by reason of the erratic action of the Ganges and Ramganga: in 1906 it amounted to 1,145,272 acres (1789.5 square miles, 4634.75 km²) the average for the last five years being 1,147,967 acres (4,645.66 km²). There remains the low fringe of Khadir along the Ganges to the west. This generally resembles the lowlands that skirt the rivers of the interior, the low flats which adjoin the stream itself being purely alluvial in character, while above them rises a terrace of higher ground extending inland as far as the chain of stagnant morasses lying immediately under the bangar cliff.
According to the 2011 census Bijnor district has a population of 3,683,896, roughly equal to the nation of Liberia or the US state of Oklahoma. This gives it a ranking of 74th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 808 inhabitants per square km (2,090/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.64%. Bijnor has a sex ratio of 913 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 70.43%.
|Soil Type||Characteristics||Area (ha)|
|Clay loam||Fine-grained minerals, organic matter medium, variable range of water content, clay minerals polar attraction.||179652|
|Sandy loam||Fertile soil with rich nutrient, organic matter medium to high suitable for all arable crops.||172428|
|Sandy||Low organic matter content, high porosity, contains large particles, usually light in color. stay loose and allow moisture to penetrate easily.||84272|
Bijnor features a hot to moderate in summer and cool to colder climate. The city features cold winters, hot summers and a rainy season. However the monsoons, though substantial in Bijnor, are not quite as heavy as the monsoon in other parts of India. Bijnor district receives average 100-110 cm rainfall. The major rainfall received during month of June to September. The average temperature ranges between 10c (during Dec. and Jan.) to 480C (during May and June).
|Mid Western Plain Zone|
|Tarai & Bhabar Zone|
|Crop||Area (ha)||Production (mt)||Productivity (qtl /ha)|
|Category||Population||Production (LMT)||Productivity (Kg/Day/Animal)|
|Net Sown Area||3,35,952|
|Area Sown more than once||1,08,000|
|Gross Cropped area||3,35,952|
|Net Irrigated Area||2,97,677|
|Area under Agro Horticulture crops||3,148|
|Category of land holding||Total no of farm/house hold|
|Name of the Block||Name of the Village||Major Crops & Enterprises||Major Problem Identified|
|Kotwali||Harvanshpur Dhaaram, Khanpur, Saidkheri, Rajpura, Purani, Nejowali Gamdi, Fulsandha Karandachodher, patpura and Vishoniwala etc.||Sugarcane, Rice, Wheat, French bean, Okra, Mustard, Groundnut, Urd, Moong, Mango and Guava|
|Allahapur (Dhampur)||Sugarcane, Rice Wheat, Mustard, Vegetables||Sugarcane, Rice, Wheat, French bean, Okra, Mustard, Groundnut, Urd, Moong, Mango and Guava|
|Najibabad||Jattiwalla and Raipur.||Vegetable, Fruits, Rice, Wheat and Sugarcane|
|Kiratpur||Akbrabad and Sadipur.||Vegetable, Fruits, Rice, Wheat and Sugarcane|
|Seohara||Jamapur, Jat Nagla and Budhanpur.||Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane and orchard|
|Afjalgarh||Jamanwala and Muraliwala.||Sugarcane, Rice, Wheat, Mustard, Groundnut, Urd, Moong, Mango and Guava|
|Nehtaur||Kokapur, Begrajpur and Sarayaashnra etc.||Sugarcane, Rice Wheat, Mustard, Vegetables|
|Jalilpur||Bhwanipur and Laddupura.||Sugarcane, Rice Wheat, Mustard, Vegetables|