District Profile

Bijnor is a district of Uttar Pradesh state of India. Bijnor city is the district headquarters. The Uttar Pradesh Government wants Bijnor to be included under National Capital Region (NCR) due to its close distance from Delhi; the demand for inclusion of Bijnor in the NCR has been raised.

Geography

Bijnor occupies the north-west corner of the Moradabad Division (historically, Rohilkhand or Bareilly region), and is a roughly triangular stretch of country with its apex to the north. The western boundary is formed throughout by the deep stream of the river Ganges, beyond which lie the four districts of Dehradun, Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar and Meerut, all belonging to the Meerut Division.

The extreme parallels of north latitude are 29° 2' and 29° 58' and of east longitude 78° 0' and 78° 57'. The total area of the district is liable to change slightly from time to time by reason of the erratic action of the Ganges and Ramganga: in 1906 it amounted to 1,145,272 acres (1789.5 square miles, 4634.75 km²) the average for the last five years being 1,147,967 acres (4,645.66 km²). There remains the low fringe of Khadir along the Ganges to the west. This generally resembles the lowlands that skirt the rivers of the interior, the low flats which adjoin the stream itself being purely alluvial in character, while above them rises a terrace of higher ground extending inland as far as the chain of stagnant morasses lying immediately under the bangar cliff.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Bijnor district has a population of 3,683,896, roughly equal to the nation of Liberia or the US state of Oklahoma. This gives it a ranking of 74th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 808 inhabitants per square km (2,090/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.64%. Bijnor has a sex ratio of 913 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 70.43%.

Major Farming Systems/Enterprises

  • Integrated agriculture farming systems
  • Integrated crop-livestock-fish farming systems
  • Dairy farming systems
  • Agro-forestry systems

  • Soil Type's

    Soil Type Characteristics Area (ha)
    Clay loam Fine-grained minerals, organic matter medium, variable range of water content, clay minerals polar attraction. 179652
    Sandy loam Fertile soil with rich nutrient, organic matter medium to high suitable for all arable crops. 172428
    Sandy Low organic matter content, high porosity, contains large particles, usually light in color. stay loose and allow moisture to penetrate easily. 84272

    Rainfall and Temperature

    Bijnor features a hot to moderate in summer and cool to colder climate. The city features cold winters, hot summers and a rainy season. However the monsoons, though substantial in Bijnor, are not quite as heavy as the monsoon in other parts of India. Bijnor district receives average 100-110 cm rainfall. The major rainfall received during month of June to September. The average temperature ranges between 10c (during Dec. and Jan.) to 480C (during May and June).


    Agro Climatic Zones

    Agro-Climatic Zone Characteristics
    Mid Western Plain Zone
  • The soils are coarse to medium in texture, moderately well drained, consistently deep and neutral to slightly alkaline in nature
  • Climate of the zone in general is subtropical type
  • The maximum temperature of the district was 480C while minimum was found to be 10C
  • Total rain fall of the district is 898.5 mm
  • The fertilizer consumption of the area is 342 kg/ha 83% farmers are having less than 2 ha land, 8% farmers are having 2-4 ha land, while the rest 9% have more than 4 ha land
  • The crops of the zone are sugarcane, rice, wheat, mustard, groundnut, field pea, gram, fodder sorghum etc.
  • Tarai & Bhabar Zone
  • A part of the district falls under this zone
  • The highest temperature is recorded in May, June and the lowest in Dec., Jan.
  • The average rainfall is 1400 mm. Eighty three percent of rains are received from south- west monsoon from June to September
  • The soils are low to medium in available phosphorus, medium to high in organic carbon

  • Area, Production and Productivity of Major Crops cultivated in the district

    Crop Area (ha) Production (mt) Productivity (qtl /ha)
    Sugarcane 233991 14291602 641.20
    Rice 54887 143695 27.44
    Wheat 114800 331026 29.87
    Pea 148 189 12.07
    Lentil 1722 1345 7.81
    Gram 78 77 9.86
    Urd 1362 1499 11.00
    Arhar 55 75 13.79
    Maize 25 27 10.20
    Lahi/Mustard 2011 2092 10.40
    Groundnut 1826 2068 11.33
    Sesame 92 16 1.78

    Production and productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district

    Category Population Production (LMT) Productivity (Kg/Day/Animal)
    Cattle
    Crossbred 41490 3.0
    Indigenous 223258 1.5
    Buffalo 526188 127.56 4.3
    Cow 223258 33.52 2.5
    Sheep
    Crossbred 8286
    Indigenous 5599
    Goats 104429 10.93 0.729
    Pigs
    Crossbred 5427
    Indigenous 24938
    Rabbits 495
    Poultry 152327
    Fish 1306.60 ha 45404.35 34.75

    Farming Pattern

    Particulars Area (ha)
    Net Sown Area 3,35,952
    Area Sown more than once 1,08,000
    Gross Cropped area 3,35,952
    Kharif 3,02,916
    Rabi 1,19,802
    Zaid 8,841
    Net Irrigated Area 2,97,677
    Gross Irrigated 3,73,942
    Area under Agro Horticulture crops 3,148
    Cropping intensity 156%

    Land Holding

    Category of land holding Total no of farm/house hold
    Marginal 184311
    Small 53130
    Medium 32401
    Large 13438
    Total 283280
    Zaid 8,841

    Operational Area / Villages

    Name of the Block Name of the Village Major Crops & Enterprises Major Problem Identified
    Kotwali Harvanshpur Dhaaram, Khanpur, Saidkheri, Rajpura, Purani, Nejowali Gamdi, Fulsandha Karandachodher, patpura and Vishoniwala etc. Sugarcane, Rice, Wheat, French bean, Okra, Mustard, Groundnut, Urd, Moong, Mango and Guava
  • Insect & Diseases
  • Old variety seed
  • Excessive and Imbalanced use of pesticides & fertilizers
  • No seed treatment,
  • Poor Management of orchards
  • No application of micronutrients
  • Allahapur (Dhampur) Sugarcane, Rice Wheat, Mustard, Vegetables Sugarcane, Rice, Wheat, French bean, Okra, Mustard, Groundnut, Urd, Moong, Mango and Guava
  • Insect & Diseases attack
  • Excessive and imbalanced use of pesticides & fertilizers
  • No seed treatment
  • Reliability of the farmers on chemicals
  • Najibabad Jattiwalla and Raipur. Vegetable, Fruits, Rice, Wheat and Sugarcane
  • Unavailability of quality seed of vegetable
  • Insect & Diseases attack
  • No seed treatment
  • Poor management of orchards
  • No application of micronutrients
  • Kiratpur Akbrabad and Sadipur. Vegetable, Fruits, Rice, Wheat and Sugarcane
  • Unavailability of quality seed of vegetable
  • Insect & Diseases attack
  • Excessive and imbalanced use of pesticides & fertilizers
  • No seed treatment
  • Poor management of orchards
  • No application of micronutrients
  • Seohara Jamapur, Jat Nagla and Budhanpur. Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane and orchard
  • Delayed sowing of sugarcane and wheat
  • Improper management of pests
  • Sowing of old varieties seeds
  • Imbalanced use of pesticides & fertilizers
  • Poor management of orchards
  • No application of micronutrients
  • Afjalgarh Jamanwala and Muraliwala. Sugarcane, Rice, Wheat, Mustard, Groundnut, Urd, Moong, Mango and Guava
  • Insect & Diseases
  • Old variety seed
  • Excessive and Imbalanced use of pesticides & fertilizers
  • No seed treatment,
  • Poor Management of orchards
  • No application of micronutrients
  • Nehtaur Kokapur, Begrajpur and Sarayaashnra etc. Sugarcane, Rice Wheat, Mustard, Vegetables
  • Insect & Diseases attack
  • Excessive and imbalanced use of pesticides & fertilizers
  • No seed treatment
  • Reliability of the farmers on chemicals
  • Jalilpur Bhwanipur and Laddupura. Sugarcane, Rice Wheat, Mustard, Vegetables
  • Insect & Diseases attack
  • Excessive and imbalanced use of pesticides & fertilizers
  • No seed treatment
  • Reliability of the farmers on chemicals
  • Priority / Thrust Areas

  • Introduction/ development of new techniques in crops for better income
  • Maintenance of soil productivity through IPNM
  • Promoting resource conservation techniques in crops
  • Promoting export quality Basmati production
  • Popularizing IPM technologies for management of insect pests
  • Promoting Group Approach of Extension through FIG
  • Diversification in orchard
  • Promoting seed production at farmer’s field
  • Women empowerment through popularization of food preservation technique
  • Weed management in crops
  • Integrated crop management